Mizrachi


Mizrachi
   A religious Zionist political party that came into being in 1902, although its central concept can be identified as early as the 1880s. The founders of the movement did not see an inherent contradiction between traditional Judaism and Zionism. Mizrachi and its labor offshoot, Hapoel Hamizrachi (founded in 1922), functioned as part of the World Zionist Organization and the Yishuv institutions in Palestine. The fundamental principle on which the Mizrachi and Hapoel Hamizrachi were based is adherence to Jewish religion and tradition. Both parties sought to secure the adoption of the religious precepts of Judaism in the everyday life of the Yishuv and to found the state of Israel constitutionally upon Jewish religious law.
   The difference between the two parties was in the social composition of their membership, which gave each a distinctive social outlook. The attitude of Mizrachi on internal social issues was largely determined by the fact that its members were drawn almost entirely from the middle class. As distinct from the Mizrachi, Hapoel Hamizrachi was composed exclusively of Orthodox working-class elements. In addition to being a political party, Hapoel Hamizrachi served as a professional organization, fulfilling all the functions the Histadrut performs for its members. In the 1951 Knesset election, Mizrachi won two seats and Hapoel Hamizrachi won eight seats. In 1955, Mizrachi and Hapoel Hamizrachi formed the National Religious Party to contest the Knesset election as a religious party seeking to combine religious concerns and a moderate socialist orientation in economic matters within a Zionist framework. A centerpiece of Mizrachi's religious-Zionist philosophy is the hesder yeshiva system that combines military service with religious studies.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • MIZRACHI — (term coined from some of the letters of the Hebrew words merkaz ruḥani, spiritual center), religious Zionist movement whose aim was expressed in its motto: The Land of Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel (coined by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mizrachi — or Mizrahi (Hebrew: מזרחי‎, lit. Eastern) may refer to: Mizrahi Jews, Jews from the Eastern world Mizrachi (religious Zionism), a religious Zionist movement Mizrachi (political party) and Hapoel HaMizrachi, defunct Israeli political parties… …   Wikipedia

  • Mizrachi — Mizrahi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Parti national. Israël Cet article fait partie de la série sur la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mizrachi — Mizrạchi   [hebräische Abkürzung von merkaz ruchani »geistiges Zentrum«] der, Misrạchi, Mizrachibewegung, in Wilna 1902 gegründeter, weltweiter Zusammenschluss der orthodoxen Zionisten zur Verfechtung jüdisch orthodoxer Anliegen innerhalb der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mizrachi — Misrachi (mizˈʀaχi, hebr. המזרחי HaMizrahi, Akronym für Merkaz Ruhani, d. h. „Religiöses Zentrum“, oder Misrach „Osten“) ist eine am 5. März 1902[1] in Vilnius von Rabbi Isaac Jacob Reines (1839–1915) gegründete orthodox zionistische Bewegung.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mizrachi — /miz rah khee/, n. 1. a Zionist movement, founded in 1902, chiefly devoted to furthering the integration of Zionism and religious orthodoxy. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Mizrachi. Also, Mizrahi. [1910 15; < Heb mizrahi, an acronym from m(erka)z… …   Universalium

  • Mizrachi — noun A surname found among Jews from the Middle East …   Wiktionary

  • Mizrachi — n. family name (Hebrew) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mizrachi — miz·ra·chi …   English syllables

  • mizrachi — …   Useful english dictionary


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